Persons in the camp

Tnalina Sagphy Sadvokasova

Tnalina Sagphy Sadvokasova was born in 1911 in the village of Babai Vishnevsky district of Karaganda region, nationality – Kazakh. A member of the Communist party since 1932.

In 1930 she graduated from the Petropavlovsk pedagogical College. In 1930-1933 she studied in Petropavlovsk industrial-economic College, at the same time headed the Department of the young pioneers of the district Committee of Komsomol, and then was elected a Board member of the consumer Union. Working in consumer union she was a member of the Bureau of Akmola regional Committee of the Komsomol. In 1933-1936 she was the Chairman of the Bureau of Children's Communist organization of Kazakh regional Committee of the Komsomol. In 1936-1937 – second Secretary of the Alma-ATA OK Komsomol, head of Department of Kazakh regional Committee of Komsomol, Secretary of the Presidium of KazCEC. In April 1937 her husband Alibayev Abat served as editor of Kazak state edition was arrested.

Tnalina Sagphy Sadvokasova was sentenced to 3 years of imprisonment in the corrective labor camp as CHSIR by Special Council of the NKVD of the USSR on June 10, 1938. She arrived in Akmola camp department on 7 October 1938 from the prison in Alma-Ata. Released from the camp on 10 April 1941 (information is based on the book "the Prisoner of "Alzhir", published in Moscow in 2003 by the Association of victims of illegal repression, Astana city and Akmola region and International society "Memorial").

In 1941-1956 she worked as a clerk of the regional Department of cinefication, head of sector, Deputy Director, Director, administrator of Akmola drama theatre, Deputy chief, inspector of Akmola oblast and Virgin territory of the Departments of culture. Rehabilitated in 1956. In 1963 she retired, but continued to work in the Tselinnik’s Palace in the Personnel Department. Since 1964 – member of the Council of veterans of Komsomol propaganda of the revolutionary tradition. Since 1967, a personal pensioner of republican importance. She died in Almaty in 1998.

Her husband Alibayev Abat Bazhenovich (1905-1938) was born in 1905 in the Yana-Kurgan district of South Kazakhstan region. In 1931-1932 he was the Deputy managing editor of the Kazakh newspaper "Enbek", head of the Regional Department of Education of Kenimekhsk district of the Uzbek SSR. In 1933 he was sent as a politic authorized for the return of the Kazakh went from Uzbekistan to Kazakhstan. In 1933-1937 – head of Department. Arrested in 1937, sentenced to death in 1938. Rehabilitated in 1957.

(Information compiled on the basis of her article "We were happy with the work").

Shubrikova Irina Nikolaevna

Shubrikova Irina Nikolaevna was born in 1905 in Leningrad. A member of the Communist party from September 1924.

In 1920-1921 – a member of the Komsomol. In 1921 to 1924 – clerk of the secret operations of the transport emergency Commission and the technical Secretary of the party Committee of the traction of the Warsaw railway Leningrad. From December 1924 to March of 1926, Secretary of the Department of agitation and propaganda of the Moscow-Narva CPSU (b), then the instructor for the eradication of illiteracy, the regional education Department. March 1926 – the censor of the Frunze regional Department of education. Since January 1927 – the manager of the trust "Zhirtorgsirye". Since January 1928 – the manager of the Affairs of the CPSU (b). Since January 1930 – head of the women's departments of the city Committee of the CPSU (b) the city of Frunze. Since August 1930 – the Secretary of the women's department of the middle Asian Bureau of the Central Committee of the CPSU (b), Tashkent. Since September 1931 – the party Secretary handicraft producers cooperatives.

Shubrikova Irina was sentenced to 8 years of imprisonment in the corrective labor camp as CHSIR by Special Council of the NKVD of the USSR on July 7, 1938. Arrived in Akmola camp in 14 August 1938 from the prison in Novosibirsk. Released on 3 September 1945 (information is based on the book "the Prisoner of "Alzhir", published in Moscow in 2003 by the Association of illegal repression, Astana city and Akmola region and International society "memorial").

From September 1938 – agronomist of Akmola branch of the labor camp. In the camp she worked on a research work on soil corrosion. After her releasing from the camp she continued to live in the Malinovka village. From June 1953 to October 1957 she worked as an agronomist of the Akmola sovkhoz. For the period of work at the farm "Akmola", she was awarded the Honorary diploma of the Ministry of state farms of the USSR, in 1957 – with medals "For labour valor" and "For development of virgin lands". The decision of the Central Committee of the CPSU dated July 29, 1957, reinstated in the party. Died in 1984 in Malinovka village (now Akmol). (From the memoirs of her son Shubrikov Konstantin Vladimirovich).

Her husband, Shubrikov Vladimir Petrovich, 1895, born in Ordzhonikidze, his nationality – Russian, from November 1917 until his arrest he worked as second Secretary of the West Siberian regional Committee of the CPSU (b). In 9 August 1937 Shubrikov V. P. was arrested and sentenced by the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court dated 29 October 1937 under articles 58-8-II criminal code of the RSFSR to a Supreme penalty – death. The sentence was executed October 30, 1937 in Moscow. Place of his burial is unknown.

Shubrikov V.P. was rehabilitated by the Military Collegium of the USSR Supreme Court No. 4n-010182/56 on July 11, 1956.

Kazbekova Magrifa Murzagulova

Kazbekova Magrifa Murzagulova was born in 1903 in the village of 3d Aktobe district of Turgay region. She graduated from madrasah in Orenburg gymnasium, and in 1929 – the medical faculty of the middle Asian State University in Tashkent. Her husband Kazbekov Ismagul Suleimenovich, who graduated from the Timiryazev Academy of agriculture, before his arrest held the position of head of the seed Department of the Kazakh Institute of agriculture. Magrifa Murzagulova worked as an infectious diseases doctor.

In 1936, Ismagul Suleimenovich was arrested as an enemy of the people, and Magrifa Murzagulova was deported to the Akmolinsk camp of wives of traitors to the Motherland, and then in Dolinka. The children were separated from each other, the son Erden defined in Magnitogorsk boarding school, and the daughter Elke – in the house of the baby in Shymkent (information compiled on the basis of article of her granddaughter Zaure Ospanova).

Magrifa Murzagulova was sentenced in July 21, 1938, by the Spetial Council of the NKVD as CHSIR to 5 years of imprisonment in labor camp. Arrived in Akmola camp in 1 October 1938 from the prison in Chimkent. Released from the Karlag in 2 March 1943 (the information is based on the book "the Prisoners of "Alzhir", published in Moscow in 2003 by the Association of victims of illegal repression, Astana city and Akmola region and International society "memorial").

In 1943-1946, after the liberation from the camp, she was on free settlement on the 26th point of Karlag, where she worked as a doctor. Magrifa Murzagulova was rehabilitated in 1956.

Until the end of her life she worked as a doctor in Balkhash, received the title of honored doctor of Kazakhstan.

Magrifa Murzagulova died in 1982 (information compiled on the basis of article of her granddaughter Zaure Ospanova).

At present time akimat of Tselinograd district of Akmola region seeks naming of Tselinograd district hospital by the name of Kazbekova Magrifa Murzagulova.

Endanova Anna Grigoriyevna

Endanova Anna Grigoriyevna was born in 1917 in Vladivostok.

Her husband, Endanov Lev, the NKVD investigator, was arrested in 1937 during one of the "purge" that took place in this Department. He was subsequently shot. In 1938 Anna Endanova was arrested too. On July 31, 1938, by the Special Council of the NKVD as CHSIR she was sentenced to 8 years of imprisonment in the camp. Her children, two year old daughter and seven-month-old son, were sent to orphanages.

On 27 August 1938 21 years old Anna arrived to "ALZHIR" from the prison of Vladivostok. All the 8 years she spent in "ALZHIR", and after her releasing from the camp, she worked as a cook.

Life dealt her blow after blow. First she found her son's death out. And then after the liberation, Anna sent a letter to the Director of the orphanage, where her daughter was sent to. The Director told her the tragic news about the death of his daughter.

On March 18, 1946 Anna was released. As an ex-prisoner she was not allowed to travel outside of Akmolinsk, she had nowhere to live for a long time, and she couldn't get a job. But her strong character helped her to overcome all difficulties. Time passed, and her life returned to normal. She met a good man, Khadzhimurat Nizamutdinova. They got married and had three children.

Anna died in Astana, in 2014, at the age of 97.

Afonina Tatiana Pavlovna

Afonina Tatiana Pavlovna was born in 1911 in St-Petersburg. Specialty – choreographer. In 1927 she graduated from a private ballet school in Kiev, in 1929 – ballet class in Leningrad.

In 1929-30 – the ballerina of the Kiev concert-variety Bureau, in 1930-1937 she was a ballerina of the State Association of music, variety and circus.

In 1937 she was illegally arrested as a "wife of an enemy of the people". Her husband Avramenko (name unknown), an engineer for the production of aircraft, was arrested in 1937 by the NKVD as an "enemy of the people" and executed (she didn't say anything about her husband).

Since 1943, after her liberation from the camp, she lived in Akmolinsk, worked at the club, then in the Palace of culture of railway men named after V.I. Lenin, where she established and led for 32 years dance ensemble. Tatyana Pavlovna got married Afonin Boris, a talented organizer of cultural and educational work, the first Director of the Palace of railway men named after V.I. Lenin, honored worker of culture of Kazakhstan. In 1965 she received the title of honored art worker of the Kazakh SSR.

Afonina Tatiana Pavlovna died in Akmolinsk on 21 November 1995.

On May 22, 2015 the staff of the Museum and memorial complex "ALZHIR" organized a meeting with people who personally knew Iving-Afonina Tatyana Pavlovna. They are Valentina Bykovskaya, Melnikov Dmitry and Karp Leonid. Valentina Bykovskaya was a pupil of Tatyana Pavlovna. From the story of V. A. Bykovskaya, we learned about the true facts of life and work, the immense contribution of Afonina Tatiana in the development of folk art. After the liberation from the camp, she was the permanent head of the popular dance ensemble for more than thirty years. As noted by our guest, she was a very interesting and talented person. Melnikov Dmitry, senior lecturer of the Department of religious studies at the Eurasian national University named after L.N. Gumilyov lived next door to Tatyana Pavlovna in a house located on the Monin street of Tselinograd city. Conversations of Dmitry and Tatyana Pavlovna will forever remain in his memory. He told about her difficult life. However, she managed to save the best human qualities, professional skills and to engage in constructive creative activity. She remained good name and grateful students. Karp Leonid Lazarevich, head of the Department of public health № 1 Medical University "Astana", spoke about the significant cultural contribution of a spouse of Afonina Tatiana, Boris Afonin, a talented organizer of cultural and educational work, the first Director of the new Palace, honored worker of culture of Kazakhstan.

Zilberberg Sofia Alexandrovna

Zilberberg Sofia Alexandrovna was born on November 5, 1894 in Lodz, Poland, nationality- Jewish. Sentenced in 29.12.1937 by Special Committee under Peoples Comissariat of Internal Affairs as Family member of Traitors to Motherland for 8 years in Correctional Labour Camp. Arrived in “ALZHIR” in 25.04.1938 from the prison of Ufa city. The period of spending in “ALZHIR” is not known. Released from Karlag (Karagandy Camp) in 13.11.1945. Before the arrest she worked as a head physician at well known maternity hospital named after Grauerman. It was a hospital of high rank, for government members and senior officials. Her husband Kharin Solomon Mikhaylovich, Deputy Director of the USSR state Bank was arrested and on 4th November, 1936 he was shot. Sofia Alexandrovna was dismissed for being a family member of traitor to the Motherland and settled from Moscow to Ufa, and there she had been imprisoned and sent to “ALZHIR”. Her two daughters Elena and Maiya stayed in Moscow.

         In the camp she was a doctor and treated, saved others, even did not give permission to make patients to general works, attaching them to the kitchens, clinics, workshops. Released in 1947, came to Karagandy, worked as a doctor successfully. But in 1949 made-up charge presented her by Article 58 and sent to perpetual exile to Aksu-Ayuli, Karagandy Region. There she worked up to 1954. To the medical profession Sofia Aleksandrovn treated as debt of service to people. As for education obstetrician-gynecologist, she is mastered other medical specialties in exile, she was a dentist, a doctor, even eye diseases treated. The climate in Kazakhstan is harsh, transport was only the horse. But at any time of day, in any weather, she rode or walked to help the patient, so the people loved her very much. The Kazakhs called her "dariger (doctor) Sophia". She returned from exile in 1954, and soon after the twentieth Congress of the party she was rehabilitated and lived in Moscow. Died of lung cancer in Leningrad in 1977, at the age of 83.

        For today a daughter of Sofya Aleksandrovna Maiya Sheinina and granddaughters Elena and Kati live in Israel.

Grinevich Stefanie Vyacheslavovna

Grinevich Stefanie Vyacheslavovna was born in 1906, Austria. Nationality – pole. Sentenced in March 22-nd,1938 by Special Committee under Peoples Comissariat of Internal Affairs as Family member of Traitors to Motherland for 5 years in Correctional Labour Camp. Arrived in “ALZHIR” in 25.04.1938 from Butyr prison, Moscow. Freed in February 24-th, 1943. In the beginning of XX century lived in America. Knew five foreign languages, understood the handling of a car. Married to Russian American person, gave birth to two children: a daughter Leontina and Danton, unfortunately her husband died when children were too young. Emil Grinevich, the close friend of the family helped Stefanie Vyacheslavovna, to whom she married and went to Russia to live, to build socialism. There her son Roman was born in January 7-th, 1936. Her husband Emil Mikhaylovich worked as a technician-manager in the Second workshop factory. Accused by Article 58, Criminal Code, RSFSR to capital punishment - shooting with confiscation of property. After 3 months Stefanie Vyacheslavovna accused of being “family member of the traitors to the Motherland” and sent to “ALZHIR”, where she spent from April, 1938 to February, 1943. When children were taken away, the youngest Romka went to the toilet,the car door slammed shut and the baby remained in the hands of the NKVD employees. Children were separated from each other for a long 52 years. Leontina and Danton were sent to Kirovograd, Roman to Rybinsk, where he later was adopted.

In the camp, Stefania studied at the courses of tractor, to the end of her imprisonment worked on the tractor MTZ, fulfilling targets for what she had a thank-you letter and was listed on the honor roll. By the advice of friends in order to escape from the camp, she gave birth to daughter Elena and with a tiny child went to Kirovograd, found the kids, got a job working septic system on the car. Stefanie hesitated to search her son Roman for a long time, because she was afraid that the brand “son of the enemy” touched him too. But in 1989 when in the country the repressed time became known a little, made a decision to write a letter to the Committee of repressed people affairs. She received answer quickly, a mother met with her son at the close of her days. Stefanie died in August, 1990.   

Bron Klara Azaryevna

Bron Klara Azaryevna was born in Uman city, Kiev region, 1885. Nationality – Jewish. Sentenced in Uman city, Kiev region in 1885. by Special Committee under Peoples Comissariat of Internal Affairs as Family member of Traitors to Motherland for 8 years in Correctional Labour Camp. Arrived in “ALZHIR” in 12.06.1938 from Butyr prison, Moscow. She spent in “ALZHIR” from 09.08.1939 to 25.01.1945. Died in January 25-th, 1945.

Klara Azaryevna was born in the family of a lowly servant, participated in the revolutionary movement for which she served twice in the link. After the references came back, married to Saul G. Bron, gave birth to two children: son Leo and daughter Miriam, in 1927-1930-s she lived in America with her children and a husband, who was sent there to work. There Clara was admitted to Columbia University, where she studied English and took a course of commercial correspondence. In 1931 her family lived in London.

Her husband Bron Saul Grigorievich was born in Odessa, 1887. Served as a Commissioner of the people's Commissariat of foreign trade of the RSFSR under the Sovnarkom of the Ukrainian SSR, Director of Ruskombank, led the trust "Exporthleb", and from 1926 he worked in the Commissariat of foreign trade of the USSR, supervised joint-stock company "Amtorg" in New York and was the Soviet trade representative in London. Bron made dozens crucial for the industrialization of Soviet agreements with American firms, including a historical agreement with the architectural firm of Albert Kahn, Henry Ford, “General electric” and “Du Pont” in 1927-1930-s. His activities in these years played a huge role in the creation of the Soviet tractor and automobile industry. Saul Bron was arrested on October 25, 1937 on charges of spying and in April 21, 1938 was shot. At that time, Clara was a senior researcher at the Institute of world economy and world politics. Ten days after her husband's arrest, November 5, 1937, Clara Bron was arrested and on June 13 sent to Akmolinsk.

At the time when their parents were arrested, Lev was about to graduate from the Military Academy and Mira was a second year student in mathematics at the Moscow State University, from which they had been expelled immediately. Clara Azarievna Bron did not live to see the liberation, and died in custody on 22 January, 1945, from metastatic liver cancer, which developed after surgery of breast cancer running in the camp hospital. Buried in an unmarked grave in a cemetery Prostornoe village, Karagandy region, on January 24-th, 1945. Her children managed to return to Moscow at the end of the war. Lev worked at a tank building plant and Miriam worked at a logging site near Moscow. After the war she worked at the oil research institute in Moscow and in Sakhalin, the Far East. Thanks to their efforts, soon after N.S. Khrushchev’s denunciation of Stalin’s terror, on April 25, 1956, their parents were posthumously rehabilitated by the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of the USSR.    

Ryskulova- Isengulova Aziza Tubekovna

Ryskulova- Isengulova Aziza Tubekovna was born in 1911, Zharkent city, Kazakh USR. Nationality – Kazakh. Sentenced in April 4-th, 1938 by Special Committee of NKVD USSR as a family member of the Traitor to the Motherland for 8 years. Arrived in “ALZHIR” camp in May 29th, 1938 from Butyr prison, Moscow. The time spent in “ALZHIR” is not indicated. Released from Karlag in April 9th, 1946.

Aziza Ryskulova was a wife of well known statesman Turar Ryskulov. She got acquainted with her husband in Alma-Ata, he was older for 17 years. In 1931, her family moved to Almaty, where she graduated from veterinary college and entered veterinary institute and married to Turar Ryskulov. In May 1937, the Ruskulovs went to Kislovodsk for short-term vacation, where Turar Ryskulov was arrested. At that time Aziza was pregnant to younger daughter. She had 40 days before childbirth. After 8 and half months Turar was accused by Article 58. During the night of 9 to 10 February, 1938 he was shot in the cachets of Lubyanka. Then arrests had begun. A brother of Aziza, 20-year-old Shamil Isengulov was repressed for “counter-revolutional activity” and resettled to Komi ASSR for 5 years, a mother of Aziza, Arifa Ataulovna was arrested in February 1938 as “a spy of Turar Ryskulov” for 8 years and spent in “ALZHIR”, died there from brain haemorrhage in 1945. In April 30, 1938 Aziza with her breast-feeding daughter Rida was sent to the 26-th point of Karlag. Her elder daughter Saule, has not attained the age of 5, was sent to Ukrainian orphanage in Dubka village, Odessa Region. Aziza in 26-year-old was sent to the camp for 10 years. 8 years from them spent in the camp – by article 58 as a family member of the Traitor to the Motherland, the others as a civilian. In the years of imprisonment she worked as a vet. She was great, highly qualified vet, always quick, easy, tireless, tough. For this reason she was convinced to work on this position after release. Due to women’s memories after release: “She used to feed a lot of women-prisoners in the camp. It occurred during slaughtering, that had done regularly. At nights she cooked culled parts and secretly passed them always for hungry prisoners”. After 8-years imprisonment she was allowed to take away her daughter Rida from Osakarov orphanage. Saule with her excellent marks was not accepted to any university. Aziza was released at the age of 37. After liberation she worked as a vet in the system of urban veterinary services. She devoted her life to veterinary services more than 40 years. A turning point had been reached in 1956. All suffered people of T.Ryskulov’s case and himself was rehabilitated. The property was given back. However Aziza refused to get an apartment in Moscow. In Almaty they were provided with a two-bedroom apartment. And they left in Kazakhstan.

 

Gulzhamal Mailina

Gulzhamal Mailina was born in Karabalyk in 1900. Nationality – Kazakh. Sentenced in July 21-st, 1938 by Special Committee of NKVD USSR as a family member of the Traitor to the Motherland for 5 years. Arrived in “ALZHIR” from the Almaty prison. The time spent in “ALZHIR” is not indicated. Released from Karlag in May 5th, 1943.

Gulzhamal Mailina was a wife of Beimbet Mailin, Kazakh writer, playwright, one of the founders of Kazakh Soviet literature. In 1938 he was accused in counter-revolutional activity and sentenced to death. After shooting of Beimbet Mailin, Gulzhamal was arrested and sent to Karlag. She spent in “ALZHIR” and in the camp department Batyk, where she was shepherd. Children of Beimbet and Gulzhamal suffered too. They were distributed in different places – Edil, Raziya and Mereke were sent to Semipalatinsk orphanage, Auken during the war was sent to penal battalion, as he was a son “enemy of the people”, where he’s gone missing, the younger daughter Gulsum was sent to Osakarov orphanage.

In the camp Gulzhamal was shepherd, herding sheep. In her memories she told one story, when once she had lost fifty sheep and camp head threatened to multiply her sentence if she couldn’t find them. In the search of sheep she found herself in Kirov village and went into a house. There were small children, she saw them and began crying. The lady of the house calmed her, gave tea and called neighbors. When they knew that she was a wife of Beimbet Mailin, the head of the village stood up and said that fellows would go to find sheep, if they couldn’t find everybody would give one sheep. But fortunately the lost sheep were found.

After release in 1945, Gulzhamal lived in Karagandy with her sons and daughters in difficult conditions: mud brick rooms with one window, washing clothers of miners, washing floors in the coal enterprises administrative buildings. Soon she rehabilitated and gave back her apartment in Almaty. Her daughter Gulsum after graduating from school with gold medal couldn’t enter the institute for a long time. She was received a daughter of “enemy of the people”. Mukhtar Auezov protected her and she was accepted in medical institute. She had excellent point. After graduating from institute she worked in the hospital №1 in Almaty. She called her son Beimbet as her father.

 

 

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